Cyrus IMAP Server: Replication Examples

Cyrus IMAP Server: Replication Examples

Introduction

The replication system creates a link between two Cyrus mailstores: a master and a replica system. Both systems can be live mailstores with active users: here in Cambridge we install systems in pairs.

Typically half of the users will be using each system, and each system replicates to its partner. In the event of a failover everyone uses the remaining system in a pair. This is typically safe as the IMAP/POP/SMTP servers define which of the two systems is the live server for any given account, and the replica just plays a game of follow my leader.

Occasionally I think about introducing some form of sanity check so that we have to explicitly issue a command to the remaining backend system as well as the proxies in the event of a failover.

A short example of replication in action

Index:

  #: Annotation
  C: Command issued by client
  S: Command issued by server

# Authentication between systems is done using SSH key based authentication:

C: $ ssh -x cyrus-2 /usr/local/cyrus/bin/sync_server
S: * Sync Server v0.0 [EXPERIMENTAL]

# Create new auth_state and ask for all information about given list of
# folders (namely user.dpc22). Returns:
#
#   "**" unsolicited response for each mailbox. Returns:
#      Folder UniqueID, Name, ACL, UIDlast, timestamp for last seen update.
#
#   "*" response for each mail message in folder:
#      UID, GUID, flags (other than \Seen state)

C: user_some dpc22 user.dpc22
S: ** 6b98205c796c6c61 user.dpc22 \
S:     "dpc22   lrswipcda       anonymous       0      " 4151 1062945305
S: * 1 000000000000000000000000 ()
S: * 3697 0101003f4c56b00545000000 ()
S: * 3919 0101003f4c56b04b2900000d ()
S: * 3937 0101003f4c56b0514900001f ()
S: * 4066 0101003f4c56b07422000002 ()
S: * 4089 0101003f4c56b07e56000023 (\answered)
S: * 4118 0101003f4c56b08328000016 ()
S: * 4131 0101003f4c56b084d7000002 ()
S: * 4136 0101003f4c56b087f3000001 ()
S: * 4140 0101003f4c56b08c9d000026 ()
S: OK User_Some finished

# Select a folder to work with

C: select user.dpc22
S: OK 6b98205c796c6c61 4151 1062945305

# Remove message with UID "1" from folder list (message which has been
# sitting in my inbox since January, has no GUID defined)

C: expunge 1
S: OK Expunge Complete

# Set some user flags on message UID "4140"

C: setflags 4140 (hello world)
S: OK Updated flags on 1 messages okay

# Demonstrate that something has changed:

C: status
S: * 3697 0101003f4c56b00545000000 ()
S: * 3919 0101003f4c56b04b2900000d ()
S: * 3937 0101003f4c56b0514900001f ()
S: * 4066 0101003f4c56b07422000002 ()
S: * 4089 0101003f4c56b07e56000023 (\answered)
S: * 4118 0101003f4c56b08328000016 ()
S: * 4131 0101003f4c56b084d7000002 ()
S: * 4136 0101003f4c56b087f3000001 ()
S: * 4140 0101003f4c56b08c9d000026 (hello world)
S: OK 4151

# Now lets correct the damage that we just inflicted:

C: $ replicate -s cyrus-2 -v -v -m user.dpc22
S: MAILBOXES user.dpc22
S: USER_SOME dpc22 user.dpc22
S: SELECT user.dpc22
S: SETFLAGS [1 msgs]
S: UPLOAD [1 msgs]
S: SETSEEN dpc22 ...
S: ENDUSER

C: $ ssh -x cyrus-2 /usr/local/cyrus/bin/sync_server
S: * Sync Server v0.0 [EXPERIMENTAL]
S: user_some dpc22 user.dpc22
S: ** 6b98205c796c6c61 user.dpc22 \
S:    "dpc22   lrswipcda       anonymous       0      " 4156 1062968731
S: * 1 000000000000000000000000 ()
S: * 3697 0101003f4c56b00545000000 ()
S: * 3919 0101003f4c56b04b2900000d ()
S: * 3937 0101003f4c56b0514900001f ()
S: * 4066 0101003f4c56b07422000002 ()
S: * 4089 0101003f4c56b07e56000023 (\answered)
S: * 4118 0101003f4c56b08328000016 ()
S: * 4131 0101003f4c56b084d7000002 ()
S: * 4136 0101003f4c56b087f3000001 ()
S: * 4140 0101003f4c56b08c9d000026 ()
S: OK User_Some finished

# Back where we started: the replication engine reinserted message UID 0
# which was missing, and removed "hello world" from message UID 4140

Tracking messages between folders

# I've just saved a message from my inbox into a folder named "zzz",
# creating the folder the process.

C: $ replicate -s cyrus-2 -v -v -m user.dpc22 user.dpc22.zzz

Replication action on two MAILBOX objects:

S: MAILBOXES user.dpc22 user.dpc22.zzz

Ask server for contents of the two folders:

S:   USER_SOME dpc22 ...

Reserve message with given GUID in user.dpc22 so that it can be moved

S:   RESERVE user.dpc22 ...

Remove message from source folder (reserved copy left behind)

S:   SELECT user.dpc22
S:   EXPUNGE [1 msgs]
S:   SETSEEN dpc22 ...

Create target folder and copy in message that we reserved (doesn't have to
be uploaded again)

S:   CREATE user.dpc22.zzz 7f6f384c3f5ba99a
S:      "dpc22        lrswipcda       anonymous       0       " 0 1062971802
S: SELECT user.dpc22.zzz
S: UPLOAD [1 msgs]
S: SETSEEN dpc22 ...
S: ENDUSER